The strength of small: improved targeting of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) with F(ab')â‚‚-R1507 fragments in Ewing sarcomas

E. Fleuren, Y. Versleijen-Jonkers, S. Heskamp, M. Roeffen, W. Bouwman, J. Molkenboer-Kuenen, H. van Laarhoven, W. Oyen, O. Boerman and W. van der Graaf

Department of Medical Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Sep, 2013



To investigate whether F(ab')₂-fragments of the monoclonal Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R) antibody R1507 (F(ab')₂-R1507) can successfully target IGF-1R in Ewing sarcomas (ES).BALB/c nude mice were subcutaneously implanted with IGF-1R-expressing human ES xenografts (EW-5 and EW-8) which previously showed heterogeneous or no uptake of indium-111-labelled R1507 IgG ((111)In-R1507), respectively. Mice were injected with (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 or (111)In-R1507 as a reference. Biodistribution and immuno-SPECT/computed tomography (CT) imaging studies were carried out 2, 4, 8 and 24 h post-injection (p.i.) for (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 and 24 h p.i. for (111)In-R1507.Biodistribution studies showed specific accumulation of (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 in EW-5 xenografts from t=2 h p.i. onwards (3.6 ± 0.2\%ID/g at t = 24 h p.i.) and (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 immuno-SPECT showed almost homogeneous intratumoural distribution at t=24h p.i. Tumour-to-blood ratios of (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 were significantly higher than those of (111)In-R1507 at t=24 h p.i. (2.4 ± 0.4 versus 0.5 ± 0.1, respectively; p<0.05). More importantly, (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 also specifically accumulated in EW-8 tumours (3.7 ± 0.7\%ID/g at t = 24 h p.i). In both EW-5 and EW-8 tumours, there was a good spatial correlation between IGF-1R expression and (111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 tumour distribution.(111)In-F(ab')₂-R1507 fragments can successfully target IGF-1R in ES models and have superior tumour penetrating and IGF-1R-targeting properties as compared to (111)In-R1507. This suggests that anti-IGF-1R therapies in ES and other tumours may be improved by using smaller therapeutic compounds, although further in vivo studies addressing this topic are warranted.