131 I-cG250 monoclonal antibody immunoscintigraphy versus [18 F]FDG-PET imaging in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a comparative study

A. Brouwers, U. Dorr, O. Lang, O. Boerman, W. Oyen, M. Steffens, E. Oosterwijk, H. Mergenthaler, H. Bihl and F. Corstens

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. a.brouwers@nugen.azn.nl
Mar, 2002


The aims of this study were to establish the percentage of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) lesions detected by radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) with the chimeric monoclonal antibody 131I-cG250 versus positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-labelled deoxyglucose ([18F]FDG), and to evaluate the use of these radionuclide imaging modalities compared with routinely used imaging techniques. Twenty patients with metastatic RCC disease were examined with [18F]FDG-PET and 131I-cG250 RIS within 1 week. Total body gamma camera images were obtained up to 120h after injection of 232MBq 131I-cG250. Total body PET scanning was performed 45-60 min after intravenous injection of 370MBq [18F]FDG. Nuclear medicine techniques were compared to routine imaging procedures. Routine imaging modalities revealed a total of 79 metastases. [18F]FDG-PET and 131I-cG250 RIS detected 33 previously unknown metastases, of which 32 were [18F]FDG positive and seven were 131I-cG250 positive. Of the 112 tumour lesions that were documented, [18F]FDG-PET detected 69\% (77 out of 112), whereas 131I-cG250 RIS detected only 30\% (34 out of 112). In conclusion, [18F]FDG-PET is superior to 131I-cG250 RIS in detecting metastases in patients with metastatic RCC, and therefore seems a promising tool for (re)staging patients with RCC. The usefulness of RIS with a diagnostic dose of 131I-cG250 seems to be restricted to selecting patients for radioimmunotherapy with 131I-cG250.