[Combination of radiological and nuclear medical imaging in animals: an overview about today's possibilities]

M. Behe, B. Keil, H. Alfke, I. Böhm, A. Kiessling, M. Gotthardt and J. Heverhagen

Klinik für Nuklearmedizin, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35033 Marburg. behe@staff.uni-marburg.de
Aug, 2007



Molecular imaging of small animals has made considerable progress in the last years. Various research fields are interested in imaging small animals due to the lower numbers of animals per experiment. This has advantages with respect to financial, ethical and research aspects. Non-invasive imaging allows examination of one animal several times during the same experiment. This makes it possible to follow a pathological process in the same animal over time. However, the radiological methods used such as magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography as well as the nuclear medicine methods such as single photon emission computed tomography or positron emission tomography suffer from disadvantages. Molecular aspects are limited in the radiological methods while anatomical localization is difficult in nuclear medicine. The fusion of these methods leads to additional information. This review shows today's possibilities with their advantages as well as disadvantages.